Eurostat estimates that in 2014 carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuel combustion1 decreased by 5.0% in the European Union (EU), compared with the previous year. CO2 emissions are a major contributor to global warming and account for around 80% of all EU greenhouse gas emissions. They are influenced by factors such as climate conditions, economic growth, size of the population, transport and industrial activities2. Various EU energy efficiency initiatives aim to reduce emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases. It should also be noted that imports and exports of energy products have an impact on CO2 emissions in the country where fossil fuels are burned: for example if coal is imported this leads to an increase in emissions, while if electricity is imported, it has no direct effect on emissions in the importing country, as these would be reported in the exporting country where it is produced.

This information on early estimates3 of CO2 emissions from energy use for 2014 is published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.

Largest reductions in CO2 emissions in Slovakia and Denmark

According to Eurostat estimates, CO2 emissions fell in 2014 in almost all EU Member States, except Bulgaria (+7.1%), Cyprus (+3.5%), Malta (+2.5%), Lithuania (+2.2%), Finland (+0.7%) and Sweden (+0.2%) and. The largest decreases were recorded in Slovakia (-14.1%) and Denmark (-10.7%), followed by Slovenia (-9.1%), the United Kingdom (-8.7%) and France (-8.2%).